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The ONU security Council reduced the number of UN troop

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The ONU security Council reduced the number of UN troops, unanimously has been decided to keep the UN Organization Stabilization Mission (MONUSCO) until 31 March 2018 but reducing military personnel, military observer, staff officers and formed police units. The Council also decided that the strategic priorities of MONUSCO are to contribute to the protection of civilians, in that regard the Council called on the Government of the DRC to ensure a transparent and credible electoral process, in fulfilment of their responsibility to create conditions for the next elections. The Council tasked the Mission to ensure a protection of civilians under physical violence, including preventing and stopping all armed groups from inflicting violence on the populations. The Secretary-General was requested to ensure a full compliance of MONUSCO with the United Nations zero-tolerance policy on abuse and to keep the Council fully informed about the Mission progress through reports.

Russian FM said assessments of the UN Commissioner for Human Rights are inadmissible for a UN official

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Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said assessments of the UN Commissioner for Human Rights ZeidRa’ad Al Hussein on the situation in Syria, he made on March 14, raise a question of the conformity of his actions to his position. “We have to state that ZeidRa’ad Al Hussein’s speech at the 34th session of the UN Human Rights Council was not the first in a row of his statements and public assessments inadmissible for a UN official and opposite to commitments and requirements of professional ethics stipulated in the organization’s Charter for staff of the UN Secretariat”,Zakharova said, TASS reported.

UN Yemen envoy: violence escalates, the United Nations have urged a political solution and safety to Yemeni civilians

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After talks in Paris with French Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault, the UN envoy to Yemen Cheikh Ahmed told reporters that even if the solution is very close the parties don’t want to sit down at the table to discuss that. In deed they are refusing to discuss UN-brokered peace efforts and mean while in the country there is an escalation in violence, which is having a dramatic impact on civilians. This is the main reason that pushes the United Nations to urge a political solution and guarantee stability and safety to Yemeni civilians, which the UN classed as “severely food insecure” (7.3 millionYemenis). Moreover France Foreign Minister Ayrault said that “this is a conflict that is less talked about than others, but it can’t be forgotten because the humanitarian consequences on the ground are catastrophic”.

The Commander Aboubacar Sidiki Diakité was extradited to Guinea on sunday evening by the Senegalese Justice

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Wanted and charged of murder, complicity of murder, detention, etc, n. Toumba Diakité arrived aboard his flight, he was sent back to the prison of Conakry escorted under high surveillance. Diakité, aimed by an international arrest warrant, was already stopped on December by the police in Dakar, where he lived under an assumed identity. He was wanted for his implication in the massacre committed in September 2009 in a stadium of Conakry where were gathered thousands of opponents of the candidacy for the presidential election of Moussa Dadis Camara. That day had been killed 157 people according to the International Commission of Investigation of the ONU. Diakité then tried in December of the same year, to murder his boss Dadis Camara, blaming him for wanting to make him carry all the responsability of the massacre

The International Criminal Courtand the massacre of au Kasai

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The Prosecutor’s office of CPI (international Criminal court) made a statement in which declared that <The information was registrd on the register of the communication of the office and will receive all the deliberate attention, according to the measures of  the Statue of Rome of the international Criminal Court>. The answer of the International Criminal Court coincides with the position of the Hugh commissioner of ONU in Human Righs, Zeid Ra’ al Hussein, who asked for the establishment of a commission of inquiry about the violations of human rights perpetrated by RDC government,  after the  discovery of three mass graves in Kasaï and Lomami. There is also a video element showing a group of soldiers in Armed forces of RDC uniforms, equipped with firearms, receiving instructions to hit the victims. Afterword Commander order to open the fire on not armed civilians. Joseph Kabilia has never reacted to the assertions of violations of Human rights neither in condolance with the victims.

UN Organization in Human Rights ask Commission of enquiry on the violence committed against the civilians in DRC

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The High-Commissioner of the UN Organization in Human Rights, Zeid Ra’ Ad Al Hussein asked for the establishment of a Commission of enquiry on the violence committed against the civilians in DRC, after the discovery of three mass graves in Grand Kasai. The High Commissioner declared in front of the Council that his office will attentively watch the judicial development concerning the actions of the security forces which caused the death of more than 100 people between September and December. Moreover he complain too about the fact that no real progress has been made within the agreement concluded on December 31th 2016 between the Government and the opposition. The arrangement plans that president Joseph Kabila ( whose mandate ended in December 2016) will stay for an additional year. In return the Opposition has to rule a government of transition until the new election, planned at the end of 2017. In last februaryMr Hussein asked DCR to out an end to the “massive violation of Human Rights” and the massive executions committed bu its armed forces. Since september 2016 Grand Kasai is the theatre of a rebellion caused by the conflict between the village Chief KamwinaNsapu and the central power. This pushed the State to send armed forces of DCR where there was the risk of conflict, even massacring peaceful defenseless villagers.

UN Secretary Guterres: “Saudi’s stability is a model for the pursuit of change and growth”

During his first visit to Saudi Arabia, the UN Secretary General Guterres said “Saudi’s stability is a model for the pursuit of change and growth”. He also added that the cooperation between the Kingdom and the United States is key to fight terrorism. To what concern the humanitarian crisis in Yemen, Guterres expressed the necessity that yemeni parties don’t take advantage of humanitarian aid. On the other hand Saudi Arabia’s Foreign Minister Jubeir remembered the 70 agreements which the Kingdom made with Houthis and ex-President Saleh and that were never implement. Nevertheless the Kingdom will continue send humanitarian aid to Yemen.

Moas, Xuereb: “Immigration in Mediterrean sea is an International issue that requires a Global solution”

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Immigration has become an International issue. The European Union and Onu try to find a solution to this emergency because Italy and Malta can’t be left alone. To talk about these questions, European Affairs has interviewed Martin Xuereb, Director of Migrants Offshore Aid Station (Moas).

When and why was Moas founded?

“Moas was setup in 2014 in Malta. The idea came to Regina and Christopher Catambrone after that 400 migrants drowned close to Lampedusa during the summer of 2013. After the visit of the Pope in Lampedusa, again in 2013, when he made an appeal to help these people in any possible way, Regina and Christopher had the spark. They started thinking about an organization to save lives in Mediterranean context because none deserves to die out at sea. I became involved in February of 2015, when they proposed this project to me to help, aid and save migrants’ lives”. We are a private entity and we depend on the donations people make. We hope that our message, that life is precious no matter who the person is, ispires others to donate.


What’s yours working activity?

“We started this project last year. We went out at sea where after a 16-day operation we saved 3000 people. We came back in September and October. At the end of October, we started thinking about an operation in 2015. Now, one thing that is very different from 2014, it’s our partnership with Msf. They have taken over and provided host rescue assistance. Moas has a 40 metre boat (Phoenix). Again, it’s two Remote Piloted Aircraft and two RHIBs (rigid-hulled inflatable boats) that can react and fly if there is higher requirement of information: they are coordinated by the Rescue Coordination Center. Then, we have two dinghies that can be deployed if there is a boat out at sea that needs assistance. The choice to take migrants on board is taken in coordination with the Rescue Coordination Centre. When migrants are on boats, Msf, with their doctors , nurses and logistics thing will take over to provide them with medical care and to feed them”.


How are competences learned during humanitarian rescues on the high seas important?

“Searching rescue is very challenging. You need capability, knowledge and attitude to most risk. Obviously, you need to work for the love of it, but more importantly you need to be able to do professionally rescues because we are dealing with people’s lives”.
What were results in the last year?

“3000 people were saved in 60 days of operation in 2014. In 2015, starting from May 2nd, we have rescued 1,441people, from unseaworthy boats in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. MOAS carried out six separate rescue missions, providing shelter and lifejackets to 106 children, 211 women and 1,124 men on board the 40-metre (130 ft.) vessel M.Y. Phoenix”.


What institutions and entities you are collaborating with?

“First of all is Rome’s Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre. Then, we are receiving the support of the Rescue Coordination Centre in Malta. They have the responsibility to coordinate rescue missions and we are happy to receive tasks from them. Their relationship is very positive. They’re very much aware of our capability, of the fact that we do not only have boats out at sea, but we also have drones and clinic on board. While like every other boat out there, we have legal obligation to assist boats in distress: we have made it our mission. The difference between us and merchant ships is that our mission is that of saving lives.
After European Council tripled Triton’s funding, have immigration became an European issue?

“I think that this is an International issue that requires a Global solution. We are saying that Europe should not be weak. We would want to see a wider perspective. I need to say this because everyone needs to be aware that most of the rescues are being conducted in International waters. Why should Italy take responsability by itself when rescues are conducted in International waters? Rescue missions should be coordinated by someone else. We think that people should come to the rescue: not only states, but also private companies and entities. As Moas, in conjunction with Msf, we want to bring on the table a new modus operandi”.
Giacomo Pratali


Giacomo Pratali
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