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Peshmarga senza materiale sanitario dirottato da Baghdad

Asia @en/Defence di

Una volontaria, Fulgida Barattoni, ha trascorso un mese nel campo militare di Sulaymanyah con l’obiettivo di formare istruttori di primo soccorso. Feriti soccorsi dopo ore e materiale sanitario inesistente. La realtà delle condizioni in cui i Peshmarga combattono.

La frammentazione politico e culturale dell’Iraq non riesce a compattarsi neppure di fronte a quello che dovrebbe essere un comune nemico, lo Stato Islamico. Ma la scacchiera è articolata, complicata, ostaggio di ataviche ruggini che sono vive più che mai. Ed è così che l’esercito curdo dei Peshamarga, l’unico che oppone in modo organico le armi all’avanzata del Califfato si trova senza quel sostegno sanitario di cui avrebbe diritto. Ma non perché manchino bende, garze o materiale. Di quello il magazzino dell’ICRC, il Comitato internazionale dei Croce Rossa, ne è pieno grazie alla solidarietà di tutti i comitati di Croce Rossa sparsi per il mondo.

Il problema è che quel materiale può arrivare ai Peshmarga soltanto attraverso la Società Nazionale di Mezzaluna Rossa Irachena di Baghdad che attinge al magazzino dell’ICRC per distribuire ai profughi “dimenticando” i Peshmarga che vivono, soffrono e perdono la vita combattendo contro l’Isis. Ad affermarlo è chi ha vissuto per un mese a fianco delle guerriere curde del campo militare di Sulaymanyah, città del Nord-Est curdo a pochi chilometri dal confine con l’Iran. Fulgida Barattoni, ex Presidente di IPB Italia e crocerossina per vocazione è partita da Fusignano a fine novembre con l’obiettivo – riuscito – di organizzare un corso per istruttori di primo soccorso. “Ero in Italia e guardando la TV vedevo immagini di soldati feriti a Mosul che venivano trascinati brutalmente per le gambe e per le braccia efrettolosamente caricati su auto di fortuna per essere portati in ospedali distanti un paio di ore tanto che i feriti per lo più giungevano a destinazione già morti – racconta.

3 “La mia formazione di oltre 30 anni di “crocerossina” mi ha impedito di restare indifferente e forte degli ottimi contatti da anni intrattenuti con le istituzioni kurde ancora dalla caduta del Rais Saddam Hussein ho preso l’aereo e sono partita verso l’ Iraq. Nel giro di pochi giorni – continua – ho messo in piedi un corso per formare degli istruttori di primo soccorso con le Peshmerga donne del campo militare di Sulaymanyah. Lo scopo era di insegnare a valutare e stabilizzare il soldato ferito prima di trasportarlo in ospedale ma ancora più di fare in modo che ogni corsista fosse poi grado di insegnare ad altri in modo da moltiplicare i corsi negli altri campi militari”. Per un mese, la Barattoni ha vissuto con le donne guerriere dormendo su giacigli scomodi, esposti al freddo intenso e condividendo il cibo, scarso e povero di proteine. Ed è lì che ha scoperto il gap che rende i Peshmarga ancora più soli. “La frammentazione culturale e politica dei popoli che abitano l’Iraq fa si che ai soldati Peshmerga “che sono kurdi” non arrivi nulla di tutte le donazioni che le Società Nazionali di Croce Rossa mandano al magazzino dell’ ICRC “Comitato Internazionale di Croce Rossa” che mi dicono essere uno dei più forniti e al quale attinge la Società Nazionale di Mezzaluna Rossa Irachena di Baghdad ma non per aiutare i soldati che combattono ma solo per sostenere tutti i rifugiati che riparano in Iraq dopo che la via balcanica attraverso la Turchia è stata chiusa con le armi – spiega. “A molte alte istituzioni ho posto il quesito: “la prima Convenzione di Ginevra impone l’obbligo di soccorrere i soldati feriti sul campo di battaglia” ma come mai ai soldati Peshmerga non viene dato nulla e non hanno bende, kit medici, addirittura ambulanze e personale medico e paramedico che interviene a fianco dei soldati solamente durante le fasi di “attacco” mentre nelle fasi di posizionamento e/o ritirata non c’e’ nessuno a soccorrere i soldati che rimangono feriti? Mi hanno risposto che “non ci sono soldi”, che il governo di Baghdad non manda da più di un anno i fondi federali al KRG, il Governo Regionale del Kurdistan, che quindi non ha i soldi per pagare i dipendenti pubblici e anche le scuole.

“Quelle in Sulaymanyah” sono chiuse perché gli insegnanti non ricevono più gli stipendi da un anno e mezzo. Nella zona di Erbil, gli insegnanti anche se non pagati tengono le scuole aperte ma anche qui i motivi sono complessi e interni alla storia del popolo kurdo incastonato in questa porzione di Iraq, la cui democrazia ha ancora un lungo cammino da fare”. Ora la Barattoni è tornata a casa, a Fusignano, non prima però di aver verificato la creazione di altri corsi gestiti dalle sue “ex studenti”, allargati anche ai colleghi uomini. “Io ero una privilegiata perché a pranzo mangiavo con le Peshmerga ufficiali e di sera con la “truppa”. La mensa di queste ragazze era molto povera di proteine, minerali, vitamine.

8

Praticamente niente carne, niente frutta, qualche vegetale e qualche legume. Una salsa di pomodoro con legumi oppure uno zucchino o una patata con contorno di riso era la dieta pranzo e cena. Per rendere sopportabile la vita del campo militare – ricorda – alle donne sono stati organizzati dei turni di 4 giorni di servizio e 8 giorni a casa in famiglia a riprendere le forze. E’ impressionante vedere quanti bambini accompagnavano il giorno di “paga” le soldatesse allineate in fila fuori del loro comando. Ed è straordinario vedere come le “Peshmerga” dai 20 ai 60 anni possano anche rinunciare a lavarsi per il freddo così intenso da non riuscire ad affrontare il gelo dell’acqua, ma non a truccarsi, diradare le sopracciglia, marcare gli occhi, mettersi capelli posticci per infoltire le chiome. Allo specchio si attardano il tempo necessario poi – conclude – indossano anfibi e passamontagna, imbracciano il fucile e vanno a combattere, mentre a casa hanno mariti e figli, maneggiando granate e strisciando dietro cumuli di terra”.

 

Monia Savioli

 

Coalition strikes in Iraq

Asia @en/BreakingNews @en/Defence di

Attack, bomber, fighter, and remotely piloted aircraft as well as rocket artillery conducted six strikes in Iraq, coordinated with and in support of the Iraqi government:

— Near Mosul, three strikes engaged two ISIL tactical units, suppressed three mortar teams, damaged 14 supply routes, disabled a bridge, and destroyed five mortars, two supply caches, four fighting positions, a command and control node, a weapons cache, and a vehicle bomb factory.

— Near Rawah, a strike engaged an ISIL tactical unit and destroyed a vehicle.

— Near Sinjar, a strike destroyed an ISIL fighting position, a mortar, and a UAV.

— Near Tal Afar, a strike destroyed a semi-truck.

Task force officials define a strike as one or more kinetic events that occur in roughly the same geographic location to produce a single, sometimes cumulative, effect. Therefore, officials explained, a single aircraft delivering a single weapon against a lone ISIL vehicle is a strike, but so is multiple aircraft delivering dozens of weapons against buildings, vehicles and weapon systems in a compound, for example, having the cumulative effect of making those targets harder or impossible for ISIL to use. Accordingly, officials said, they do not report the number or type of aircraft employed in a strike, the number of munitions dropped in each strike, or the number of individual munition impact points against a target. Ground-based artillery fired in counterfire or in fire support to maneuver roles is not classified as a strike.

Iraq, six Air strike hit Daesh

Defence di

Attack, bomber, fighter and remotely piloted aircraft and rocket artillery conducted six strikes in Iraq, coordinated with and in support of Iraq’s government:

— Near Haditha, a strike destroyed an artillery system.

— Near Huwayjah, two strikes engaged two ISIL tactical units and destroyed an ISIL-held building and a vehicle.

— Near Mosul, three strikes engaged two ISIL tactical units; destroyed three ISIL-held buildings, three supply caches, two mortar systems, a fighting position and a vehicle bomb; damaged 24 supply routes; and suppressed two mortar teams.

Task force officials define a strike as one or more kinetic events that occur in roughly the same geographic location to produce a single, sometimes cumulative, effect. Therefore, officials explained, a single aircraft delivering a single weapon against a lone ISIL vehicle is one strike, but so is multiple aircraft delivering dozens of weapons against buildings, vehicles and weapon systems in a compound, for example, having the cumulative effect of making those targets harder or impossible for ISIL to use. Accordingly, officials said, they do not report the number or type of aircraft employed in a strike, the number of munitions dropped in each strike, or the number of individual munition impact points against a target. Ground-based artillery fired in counterfire or in fire support to maneuver roles is not classified as a strike.

The battle of Mosul, a bloodbath

Asia @en/Defence di

Despite its rapid pace, the advance toward Mosul has been relatively uneven. Elite Iraqi special operations forces arrived at the city’s outskirts before the rest of the coalition. According to the battle plan, the advance into Mosul itself was to have begun only once the Iraqi army had converged on the city from three sides. Nonetheless, Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi reportedly ordered the special operations forces to continue on to the city, hoping to sustain the advance’s momentum and prevent the Islamic State from regrouping. Furthermore, though the original strategy provided for an avenue of escape to the west of Mosul, the Iraqi government allegedly bowed to pressure from Tehran and allowed the Iranian-backed Popular Mobilization Forces to close it. The uncoordinated advance from a single direction, coupled with the decision to keep fighters trapped in the city, has turned Mosul into a deadly urban battlefield.

So far, the battle for Mosul has taken a tremendous toll on Iraq’s armed forces. The United Nations estimates that nearly 2,000 Iraqi troops were killed in November alone, many of them in Mosul. Iraqi special operations forces have continued to bear the brunt of the fighting since entering Mosul, joined by the forward elements of the 9th Armored Division that have reached the eastern parts of the city. But officers have complained that their tanks and armored vehicles are of little use in Mosul’s dense urban terrain, where repeated ambushes have hit several of their convoys. Once the 15th and 16th Infantry divisions link up with the special operations forces and 9th Armored Division elements in the city, they will ease the burden on the beleaguered troops. Northeast of the city, the 16th Infantry Division is still making slow progress, while the 15th Infantry Division is spread thin to the southwest from Mosul to Tal Afar.

Meanwhile, Islamic State forces were well-prepared for the confrontation in Mosul. Even before the campaign began, Islamic State fighters established an intricate network of tunnels in the city that not only provides cover against airstrikes but also enables them to suddenly appear in neighborhoods that the Iraqi forces had previously declared clear. The militant group is also driving vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices into advancing Iraqi forces in droves — approximately 15 per day for a total of 600 by the last count. The resulting attacks are difficult to counter with airstrikes or anti-tank missiles. Small arms fire is similarly ineffective against the vehicles because of the armor that the Islamic State invariably bolts to them.

Notwithstanding the fierce battle that lies ahead, the outcome is all but certain: The Iraqi army will eventually retake Mosul. In the meantime, the costs of the campaign — in lives lost and damage done — will continue to mount, perhaps for months to come.

source STRATFOR

Russia is actively supllying tons of humanitarian aid in Syria

BreakingNews @en/Defence di

Moscow has blasted as “outrageous twisting of the facts” a statement by EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini, who said the EU was the only party providing aid to Syria. The Russian Foreign Ministry also officially responded to Mogherini’s statement  and said that Russia, “unlike other international players, is actively supplying thousands of tons of humanitarian aid to various regions in Syria, including the liberated areas in eastern Aleppo, at the risk of Russian military lives.” Mogherini’s words aren’t the first aimed against the Russian humanitarian effort in Syria: last week, British Prime Minister Theresa May’s office said that the Syrian regime and their influencers are preventing aid from reaching Aleppo. In response, Russian Defence Ministry’s spokesperson, Major General Igor Konashenkov, said that  the UK government has lost an objective view of what is happening in Syria, including Aleppo, due to Russophobia, adding that the UK has not sent a single gram of flour, any medicine or blankets to help civilians in Aleppo during the whole Syrian conflict.

No common approach on the roadmap for the Donbass settlement reached so far

BreakingNews @en/Defence di

Russian Foreign Minister, Sergey Lavrov, affirmed that no common approach on the roadmap for the Donbass settlement has been reached so far. He reminded that the four Ministers met in late November in Minsk. So far, no common approach has surfaced, although the process is slowly moving, at a snail’s pace however. At their meeting in the Belarusian capital city on November 29, the Normandy Four, namely Russian, German, French and Ukrainian, Foreign Ministers failed to agree a roadmap for the implementation of the Minsk’s agreements. The agreements, signed on September 2014 and February 2015, envisaged a ceasefire between Ukrainian government forces and people’s militias in the self-proclaimed republics in Donetsk and Lugansk starting from February 15 and subsequent withdrawal of heavy weapons from the line of engagement. The deal also laid out a roadmap for a lasting settlement in Ukraine, including local elections and constitutional reform to give more autonomy to the war-torn eastern regions.

FBI: no evidence about a possible terrorist attack in Los Angeles

Americas/BreakingNews @en/Defence di

The FBI confirmed that they found no evidence about a possible terrorist attack on the Los Angeles subway. On Tuesday the city authorities ordered an increase of security measures on the red line metro after an anonymous call, made by an Australian phone line, warned that there would be an attack on the Universal metro station. The increased security measures are still operating as a precaution.

Japan wants to strenghten unilteral sanctions against North Korea

BreakingNews @en/Defence di

On Friday, the government decided to strengthen unilateral sanctions against North Korea using measures such as expanding the range of entities and individuals subject to asset freezes. The decision follows North Korea’s repeated nuclear tests and ballistic missile launches. The new measures, which are in line with the unilateral sanctions introduced in February, include expanding a reentry ban to include people who have traveled to North Korea. The government intends to urge Pyongyang to change its position by stringently blocking the departure and entry of people linked to North Korea’s nuclear and missile developments and flow of funds, according to sources.

Ukraine has not sent notification about new missile firing drills after the 2nd of December

BreakingNews @en/Defence di

On Friday, Chief of General Staff Gen. Viktor Muzhenko affirmed that the Ukrainian Armed Forces have wrapped up surface-to-air missile tests in southern Ukraine. The head of Russia’s aviation watchdog Rosaviatsia, Alexander Neradko, affirmed that Ukraine has not sent any notifications about new missile firing drills in the Black Sea after 2nd of December. According to Neradko, Russia continue to monitor the airspace over Simferopol and the Black Sea. Earlier, Rosaviatsia said that Ukraine planned to hold missile exercises in the Simferopol flight information region (FIR) over the city of Simferopol and part of the Black Sea on December 1 and 2. It also issued a special notification about high-risk zones in that region. Later, Ukraine declared it was introducing more high-risk zones there.

According to Pakistan, UNSC is not doing anything to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

BreakingNews @en/Defence di

Pakistan has criticised UN Security Council’s inaction to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which it deems essential for peace and stability in the Middle East. Speaking in the General Assembly in the debate on “The Question of Palestine”, Pakistan’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Maleeha Lodhi said that inaction by the Security Council has not only undermined its own credibility but has also weakened the ideals that the organisation espouses. These, she said, includes ideals of human dignity, of peaceful coexistence based on sovereign equality of all nations and of the right to self-determination of all people.

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