No respect for treaty of peace signed in 2015. A civil war which is continuing between Dinka and Nuer people from over 2 years. And at last the return to national capital Juba of Riek Machar. The recent news from South Sudan and the UN and Amnesty reports about crime against humanity illustrate a geopolitical disaster which is overlooked by international community.
As reported by Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM), responsible for monitoring compliance of South Sudan, from late December to early March, the truce was definitely violated 5 time. So, a cruel context, very distant from peace agreements in Ethiopia of July 2015. Moreover, the civil war should not be included only within Greater Upper Nile.
This war has caused humanitarian effects, as resulted by UN and Amnesty International charges. Over 8,000 mine victims since 2011. The rape as soldiers salary. Children and disabled people tortured burned alive. About 1.6 million people continued to be displaced from their homes within the country, and some 600,000 sought refuge in neighbouring countries. At least 4 million people faced food shortages.
“The challenge in South Sudan is an increasing disconnect between the assurances of national and the actions of local groups,” said UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordination, Stephen O’Brien. “In addition to the ongoing violence, the deteriorating economic situation is further driving instability. The monthly cost of food and clean water for an average family now amounts to 10 times the salary of a teacher.
While Kate Gilmore, UN Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights, denounced that “Since December 2013, all parties to the conflict have committed gross human rights violations and abuses, along with serious violations of international humanitarian law. These include killing civilians, widespread sexual violence against women and girls, pillaging and destruction of civilian property such as homes, humanitarian infrastructure, schools, and medical facilities, including hospitals. ”