The United Nations High Commission for Refugees, UNHCR, Regional Representative for West Africa, Liz Ahua, says massive displacement in Nigeria’s North-East zone poses great dangers of statelessness for victims. She said that if urgent actions were not to be taken, some of the 2.4 million Internally Displaced Persons, IDPs, or refugees residing in neighbouring countries could lose their nationality and become stateless. She explained that displacement, whether caused by conflicts or natural disasters, was a root cause of statelessness which further increases the risk, if not urgently and properly tackled. She said that it could also become an obstacle to achieving durable solutions for displaced persons and prevent them from rebuilding their lives in dignity as well as impede return and relocation. The crises in the Lake Chad Basin region is a prime example where over 2.4 million people have been displaced by the conflict, including over 1.8 million IDPs in Nigeria. Over 200,000 Nigerians are living as refugees in neighbouring countries of Niger, Chad, and Cameroon without adequate documentation.
In the Chad, a convoy of prisoners was attacked at night by unknowns before disappearing in the nature. The Chadian justice announces the opening of a judicial inquiry besides the operations of researches. The convoy of hundred prisoners drove in the direction of Koro Toro in full Chadian desert has been attacked about sixty kilometers away from the North of Ndjamena. Prisoners were been convoyed to the detention centre of Ndjamena, the attack made 10 deaths and two wounded, among whom 9 prisoners and a security guard. Operations of research to find the prisoners which disappeared in the nature were thrown and an investigation is opened to find the authors of this act, which according to the magistrate is a challenge to the Chadian justice: “the justice of our country, feels directly questioned by such a smudge and has to implement everything so that justice is returned to the victims”, pursues Louampambé Mahouli Bruno. The investigation will have to identify the authors of the attack but also explain why the security protocol was not respected and how the aggressors, which looked for their victims, knew that they were in the convoy
A french Civil has been kidnapped at Abéché ( Tchad), and one Military source confirmed that all the measures are mobilized for obteining the civil liberation. The last kidnapping in lake tchad region was in 2009, Laurent Meurice was abducted by a sudanese group: “les Aigles de libération de l’Afrique”, he has been set free after 89 days of detention, on the 6th of February 2010. The Tchad region is one of the principle french allie against the terrorism, at N’djamena there are Barkhane antiterrorists forces, constituted by Mauritanie, Mali, Niger, Tchad and Burkina Faso). The one and only case of a french hostage is Sophie Pétronin, kidnapped at Gal, northern part of Mali, on the 24th of december 2016, even though his kidnapping has never been claimed.
Marine le Pen, the Front National Candidate for the next presidential election, has been to Ciad for a state visit. A very important issue has been discussed on her tour in Ciad: the immigration. Le Pen had always made clear, in her political programme and durigntvdebats, that the immigration it is a problem which need to be stopped. In a statement she declared that she wants to create a new relationship based on respect, sincerity and reciprocal cooperation, it means that France is going to help Cameroun and Ciad trough the development and that It will continue to have a massive military presence in African territory. Another reason why Le pen has been in Ciad is her will to continue the fight against Boko Haram, the terrorist group is particulary active in the lake Ciad zone because of the water source, which is fundamental to control. Mali and Niger governments are asking for more military support from France to face the jihadist group, especially for the Sahel zone (northern Mali).
Islamists raid two villages in North-Eastern Nigeria. In recent weeks, several attack also on Cameroon and Chad. Finally, Obama rejected military support to Nigerian President Buhari.
29 Christians have been killed in two villages of the Borno State on Tuesday 28th July. The attack, carried out by Boko Haram, has left few survivors. The news comes a few hours after the Nigerian army rescue of 30 people abducted in Dikwa by the Islamist cell.
Raid are more and more habitual. Often characters are children and teenagers. As thef 9 year old blown up at a nightclub in Maroua (Cameroon). Or the girl exploded in the market in Damaturo (Nigeria). Actions that led fifty dead and several wounded
The war against Boko Haram concerns more territories.The Cameroon government, in fact, ordered the temporary closure of mosques and Islamic schools in the villages on the border with Nigeria. In Chad, where terrorists attacked on N’Djamena, army killed about 20 militants last week. While most of the inhabitants of Lake Chad islands, targeted in recent weeks, have evacuated their homes.
These actions demonstrate even more a strategy already evident. First, Boko Haram wants to disclose its radicalization in Nigeria. In addition, in response to the alliance of Lagos with Cameroon and Chad, the organization has definitively crossed the borders of Borno State.
Meanwhile, International Community remains at the window. The Us Presidente Obama’s support in the words to his Nigerian counterpart Buhari, supplied in the meeting in Washington on July 21, appears weak. In practice, the request for military support, is rejected by the chief of the White House because a rule does not allow to help a state which does not respect the human rights. Conversely, Buhari answered talking about “support for the work of Boko Haram” by the US. The risk is that, like in Syria and Libya, even Nigeria, Chad and Cameroon fell in a permanently geopolitcal chaos.
“The full-face veil will be banned because terrorists have used them like camouflage”, Prime Minister of Chad Deubet said after suicide bomb attacks in the capital N’Djamena. This law “it is not contrary to the principles of Islam”, Higher Council for Islamic Affairs admitted.
After the offensive of last January, called MJTF (Multinational Joint Task Force), along with Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Benin, Islamic State has passed counterattack. And, after returning to action in the state of Borno, now it’s entered in Chad.
The Caliphate in Africa, declaired in 2014 by Boko Haram, is becoming more and more an organization able to embarrass the regular armies. And, after Nigeria, even Chad, strategic ally for the West, is having to fight an internal battle.
On 15th June, 4 suicide bombers killed 30 people and injured abou a hundred in N’Djamena, the capital of Chad. Militants, exploded near the police station and the Police Academy, struck for the first time the main cities of the country. Earlier, at the end of May, 33 jihadists and 4 Chadian soldiers died after a bloody battle to Choua Island, in Lake Chad.