GEOPOLITICA DEL MONDO MODERNO

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Giacomo Pratali - page 28

Giacomo Pratali has 297 articles published.

Italian Marines Case, Indian media talks about a behind scene dialogue between two governments

Europe di

The three-years deadlock about Italian Marines Case. Indian Government looks up to negotiation. However the decision is “judicial competence” in Government spokesman’s opinion

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“The Government of Delhi has changed attitude and talks behind the scenes with the Italian government”. This is the Indian media’s opinion about Marines Case. And to prove it would be the different behavior held by the executive and the Supreme Court in September when Massimiliano Latorre was sent back to Rome for serious health reasons

Neverthless, the newly appointed Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni talks about “absolutely disappointing results” in the negotiations on last three years. While the former head of the Foreign Ministry , now the EU High Representat ive of Foreign Policy Federica Mogherini, interviewed to ‘La Repubblica’ on 27th December, has very clearly claimed: “As I already said in the past, when I was Ministry, I tried to complete preliminary procedure of international law arbitration, but it’s too long. Now, I keep following this case along with Italian Government”.

“The EU – continues – has repeatedly been asking over a right solution for everyone for the last three years. Neverthless, but we’re waiting for a solution so this situation is not just painful for the two marines, their families and Italy , but it can also affect the EU – India relations and the global fight against piracy in which the EU has been strongly committing”, said Lady Pesc.

But the Indian Media optimism opposes Government spokesman Syed Akbaruddin, who has said on 26th December: “It’s very difficult to explain the question as it’s judicial competence. The Indian Government could have its opinion, but we have to wait judicial decision”.

This spokesman’s speech is in line with Salvatore Girone’s Christmas greetings to his family and friends and Massimiliano Latorre’s possible comeback in India after his healing in Italy. In the last few days, Italian President Giorgio Napolitano has told about “lack of cooperation by India” and “malfunctioning of the Indian justice system in the case of two marines” accused of killing two Indian fishermen during an anti-piracy mission in 2012.

Giacomo Pratali

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Afghanistan, Isaf ending: high rating from Stoltenberg

Middle East - Africa di

Nato Secretary General talks about “challenging mission” which made “Afghanistan stronger”. Soldiers dead are 3482. Usa will totally retire his armed forces in 2016. And Putin promises his support to Kabul after North Atlantic retirement

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During the meeting between Nato and Isaf on 17th December, Jens Stoltenberg spoke about the ending of mission in Afghanistan: “”For well over a decade, our nations stood shoulder to shoulder in the largest coalition for peace and stability in history. This has been a challenging mission, in many respects. Militarily. Politically. Economically. But we have met these challenges. Together – added -, we have done what we set out to do. With a clear United Nations mandate, we have denied safe haven to international terrorists. We have made Afghanistan stronger. And we have made our own nations safer. Challenges still remain. But today, Afghanistan is more stable and prosperous than ever”, finished.

Started with intention to defeat Taliban warriors on 11st August 2003 after World Trade Center attacks, Isaf implicated about 58000 soldiers in Afghanistan, at his height with 140000 in 2011. All dead were 3482, of which 2354 Americans. Italian contingent installed in Herat Region from 2004 and 48 of them died. During his closing address (‘Casing of Colors’) at Kabul airport on 8th December, Commander-in-Chief and General John F. Campbell proclaimed that “at the beginning of 2015 Us soldiers will be about 10000 and they’ll withdrow in the last part of 2016”. Furthermore, Nato will start mission called “Resolute Support”. It will not involve combat, but it’ll primarily support Afghan ministries and institutions until 2025.

Nevertheless, Vladimir Putin, during the Csto meeting on 6th November 2014, promised support to Afghanistan (Csto holding observer in 2011) after Isaf withdrawal: “We understand that the withdrawal of the international military contingent will not make the situation easier. But in case of necessity we will be ready to lend our friends in Afghanistan a shoulder to lean on in order to keep the situation in this country stable and with perspectives of development”. Russian leader’s speech could warn Nato and Usa about new Cold War battleground in Asia, after Ukraine in the last year.

Giacomo Pratali

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Cia report, Brennan and Cheney’s justifications about torture interrogation techniques

Americas di

The Us Senate Intelligence Committee dossier speaked about Waterboarding, sexual abused and other kind of tortures made on suspected terrorists during 2000s. And George W. Bush and Uk Government probably knew them

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“Our reviews indicate that the detention and interrogation programme produced useful intelligence that helped the United States thwart attack plans, capture terrorists and save lives”. This is the speech which John Brennan, Cia Director, told after torture dossier publication by Us Senate Intelligence Committee on the earlier December.

The report, 524 pages, shocked international community while Americans’ opinion has still divided on it. It says that those kind of interrogation techniques were not effectual on inmates. Not only Cia executive, but psychologist were involved in practice like waterboarding until 2009. The purpose was only one: a prisoner’s mental mastering to obtain his admission. But the Senate document emphasizes how were not enough operative this enhanced interrogation techniques. James Mitchell and Bruce Jessen, military psychologists, assisted Cia for seven years and earned about 80 million dollars. As written in dossier, they have always supported shocked mental esperiment of 1960s and implemented during 2000s into Cia jails.

Waterboarding, fistes and kicks into stomach, men waken for several days, sexual abused: these are some kind of torture made by US military against people suspected of terrorism. On Nbc’s Meet the Press, former Us Vice-President Dick Cheney defence his action: “I haven’t remorse because torture to me … is an American citizen on his cell phone making a last call to his four young daughters shortly before he burns to death in the upper levels of the Trade Center in New York and George W. Bush knew everything because he approved those interrogation techniques”.

And not only United Stated should also be involved in the tortures. Also Uk Government is on trial by press because Blair and Brow’s Administrations should probably be known them. Like said by The Guardian, Uk Government Executives met some Us Senate Intelligence Committee member from 2009.

Giacomo Pratali

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Ukraine: events and apparences on the international law battlefield

Europe di

Poroshenko has told about real ceasefire on 14th December 2014. Putin try to find new economical partnership with India and China. And Nato has a care about Minsk pact

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“I have positive news. Today is the first 24 hours for seven months … when we have a real ceasefire in Ukraine”, said Poroshenko on 14th December 2014. If this probably means a decrease of nervous tension between Kiev and Mosca, therefore what’s happenened in December alluded other intentions.

After agreement on 30th October between Ukraine, Russia and European Union, Kiev has started to receive gas from 9th December. Instead, on 11st December, Putin, within Crimean leader Aksionov, has a uproared meeting with Prime Minister India Modi. So they agreed to build ten new nuclear reactors. After gas agreement with China, Moscow strategy is respond to economical penalties by Nato and Ue.

Poroshenko’s words and Putin’s behavior mean that Ukrainian crisis is on international battlefield. It’s clear in statement of the NATO-Ukraine Commission, which charges of Moscow of “destabilization of eastern Ukraine in breach of international law, including the provision of tanks, advanced air defence systems and other heavy weapons to the separatists, and military activities, which violate the agreements reached in Minsk in September”.

The release goes on reminding the most important points of Minsk agreement: “To withdraw its forces and military equipment from Ukrainian territory and along the Ukrainian border; to provide for effective international monitoring of the border and restore Ukrainian sovereignty over its side of the border; to allow for a political and a diplomatic solution to be negotiated, which respects Ukraine’s sovereignty, territorial integrity, and internationally recognized borders”. In closing, Secretary General Of Nato Stoltenberg has disclosed Trust Funds and projects on command, control, communications and computers, logistics and standardization, cyber defence, military career transition, and medical rehabilitation.

Whereas, by the Russian point of view, the Nato assistance looks like a new offensive against Moscow, as told by Chief Foreign Commision of Russian parliament Morozov: “Nato has had only one strategy throughout 2014: a forceful political crash into East. To increase anxiety, Nato makes annoying releases against Russia”.

Giacomo Pratali

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Yemen, reporter Luke Somers has died by American military operation

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Us journalist Luke Somers, held by al Qaeda militants since September 2013, has died during an American raid in Yemen. The reporter could not be saved him, however 10 terrorists of Shabwa district expired. Fbi has notified his death to his sister Lucy Somers.

Luke Somers, 33, was reporter and photographer for Yemen’s news organizations and his material speaded on international media like Bbc. Last Thursday Aqap, member of al-Qaeda in the Arab Peninsula, realize a video where they threatened to kill him.

Giacomo Pratali

Moldova parliamentary elections, the pro-Ue coalition noses out pro-Russia parties

Europe di

Liberals reach 48% of costituency, opponents 38. Stoltenberg congratulates the people of Moldova but warns Putin not to meddle with Chisinau internal policy

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The last elections in Moldova underline a not clear situation. Infact, the socialist party results the first one in the country (21%), but the first coalition is liberal electoral roll (48%). Instead, the coalition near Moscow earns about 38%. With 54 or 55 seats, negotiations about new executive branch could be difficult.

“I congratulate the people of Moldova for the parliamentary elections held this Sunday – says Jens Stoltenberg, Nato Secretary General – that were carried out generally in line with European standards. The Moldovan people made their choice and everyone must respect it”. These words seem an advertisment to Putin, who alerted Chisanau about Ue approach last october.

“Moldova is a valued partner of the Alliance, including as a contributor to our mission in Kosovo. We will continue our cooperation with Moldova in the framework of the Individual Partnership Action Plan, and we look forward to working with the new authorities with a view to make broad use of our new partnership initiatives launched at our Wales Summit in September”, closes his speach.

Giacomo Pratali

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Rome: Foreign Affairs Committee of the Italian Senate Pier Ferdinando Casini meets Marzouq Alì alGhanim

Europe di

They talked about the perfect ties between Kuwait and Italy and discussed about global Islamic terrorism. They agree how to shut down Isis in Middle East: not only a military battle, but also a cultural action

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Pier Ferdinando Casini, Foreign Affairs Committee of the Italian Senate, met Marzouq Alì al Ghanim, Speaker of the National Assembly of Kuwait, on 27th november 2014 in Rome. Kuwatian ambassador e some member of Italian Parliament took part too.

The discussion was about global Islamic terrorism and battleground in Siria e Iraq. Al Ghanim would wish a common action within Usa and European Union against new Caliphate. Instead, Casini remembered him he special friendship relationship with Kuwait since the First Gulf War and arranging with Speaker of National Assembly of Kuwait told: “It’s not necessary only a military action, but we’d search an action at the cultural and educational levels”.

Giacomo Pratali

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The historical point of view about Ukrainian crisis

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During the past two years, Ukraine became the scene of clashes on several levels. From the internal regions of Western and Russian-speaking, from struggle between Kiev and Moscow, up to the war of position, or even cold, between Russia and NATO. In order to better address these issues, we interviewed Elena Dundovich, Teacher of History of Eastern Europe in the Department of Political Science of the University of Pisa.

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Prof. Dundovich from the historical point of view, how are true the Donbass e Crimea’s reasons? Are they culturally closer to Russia?

“Nowadays, the contrast between Ukraine and Russia, especially regarding the East, can be understood by the linguistic e religious differences. In its history, Ukraine ha shared in two parts for several centuries. The western area has long been part of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, united in 1569 in the Polish-Lithuanian Confederation. When it disappeared in 1795, part of the Western Ukraine went to Austria. The Eastern part, instead, has always belonged of the Russian Empire, and consequently, has always been inhabited by Russian-speaking citizens of Ukraine. Currently, Ukrainans understand both language. In the Eastern Ukraine, especially in the regions of Donetsk and Lugansk, 65-70% of population speakes Russian; on the other hand, in the West this percentage decreases to 10%. By the social and cultural point of view, the Ukrainian national unity begins in mid-nineteenth century and so it’s very recent. Surely, the majority of Russian-speaking citizens of Ukraine lives in Donbass, as there are many in the Crimea. And by economic point of view, these areas depended from Soviet Union mining industry up to 1991”.

Since the Orange Revolution, through the Yanukovich deposition, up to the referendum in the Crimea: has Ukraine become the battleground of the new Cold War between the US and Russia?

“Ukraine has become the battlefield of Usa and Russia disagreement at the moment. But now we can’t understand how it’s desired by these two countries or not. This anxious situation began when Ukraine received proposal of Association Agreements by European Union. I don’t share this decision because the European Union didn’t fail to take of economic and social hard ship, weakness of political institutions, influence of the oligarchs on institution and party of Ukraine after the independence in 1991. Moreover, Russia has always considered East Ukraine almost like its country and Crimea has become an important military base of Russia since 1999. I think that this European behaviour changed Ukraine in battleground of new Cold War. The United States are also trying to expand Nato to the borders of Ukraine, next

to the frontiers of Russia: ukrainans shouldn’t welcome this project. Furthermore, Russia is the most important trading partner of Ukraine and has always discount its gas to Kiev since 1991”.

What is your opinion about sanctions increase from European Union to Russia?

“I disagree with this decision because we European almost totally depends on Russian gas. It’s politically trivial if Russian oligarchs are not allowed to travel in Europe. Instead, United States are not so addicted to russian gas. And then we have many different kinds of trade relations with Russia, which has been quickly responding by blocking the import of many European and Italian products. The annexation of Crimea was a strong gesture but understandable because Putin could not leave the most important basis in Crimea to a weak government. Also Poroshenko is a powerful oligarch, but oligarchs are used to continuously changing their political position: some of them are pro-European Union because this could improve their business, while others are pro-Russia. I want to remind that in Ukraine an average pension is about 80 euro and an average salary is about 120 euro, but the cost of living is similar to ours. A strong reaction from Europe and the United States would make true at the begin of the Crimean question. But right now, I don’t understand these sanctions. In addition, we have to consider why Ukrainians have really interested to join the European Union: thanks to the Schengen Treaty, they could have moved vacantly in Europe. And disputes in Maidan Square were against the Yanukovych’s corrupt government. International press has misunderstood real ukrainian situation”.

What do you think about the recent elections in Donetsk and Lugansk districts? Are they different from Crimean referendum?

“I think that there are two different situations to individualize. The first one, which began on the 28th November 2013 and finished with Crimean referendum, when European Union overlooked risks and Putin made an iron fist. The second one, when Putin has lost the control of situations and other eastern regions have tried to make like Crimea. European Union and Usa could have avoided this situation if they had discussed with Putin at the beginning. For all the reasons I have explained before, Ukraine is strongly influenced by Moscow. ”

Giacomo Pratali

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Siria: liberate Greta Ramelli e Vanessa Marzullo

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“Greta Ramelli e Vanessa Marzullo sono libere, torneranno presto in Italia”. Questo il tweet di Palazzo Chigi che, poco dopo le ore 18 del 15 gennaio, ha annunciato la liberazione delle due volontarie italiane rapite in Siria dal gruppo Jabhat al Nusra il 31 luglio 2014. Secondo indiscrezioni non ancora confermate, il Governo italiano avrebbe pagato un riscatto di 12 milioni di dollari. Le donne partiranno alla volta della Turchia il 16 gennaio.

Il silenzio post sequestro, le indiscrezioni rimbalzate circa la loro sorte durante l’autunno e il videomessaggio pubblicato su YouTube il 31 dicembre 2014 avevano fatto presagire il peggio per le due ragazze, andate in Siria sotto l’insegna della Ong ‘Horryaty” per aiutare la popolazione siriana. Il vicepresidente del Copasir Giuseppe Esposito (Ncd-Udc) ha parlato di “vittoria della nostra intelligence”, mentre la Camera dei Deputati, riunita in seduta, ha applaudito alla notizia della liberazione. Reazione di segno opposto, invece, da parte di account di persone appartenenti all’Isis che si sono scagliati contro al Nusra rea, a loro parere, di avere rilasciato gli ostaggi.

Giacomo Pratali

 

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Parlamento Europeo: “Sì al rimpatrio dei due marò”

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Con una larghissima maggioranza, il Parlamento Europeo ha approvato, il 15 gennaio 2014, la risoluzione sul rimpatrio e il cambio di giurisdizione per i marò, detenuti in India da tre anni: “Si auspica – si legge nel documento finale – che la competenza giurisdizionale sia attrbiuta alle autorità italiane e/o ad un arbitraggio internazionale”. L’organo legislativo di Strasburgo ha, tuttavia, ribadito di “preoccupazione per la detenzione senza capi d’accusa”.

Un cambio di passo importante a livello internazionale, forse un po’ tardivo, visto che la controversia sui fucilieri di Marina era stata portata all’attenzione dell’Unione Europea già nel 2013 dal ministro degli Esteri Emma Bonino. Un cambio di passo che, però, segna un probabile cambiamento nei rapporti tra i governi di Roma e New Delhi per la risoluzione della controversia.

E, in questo senso, un importante segnale di un attivo dialogo sotto banco tra le due amministrazione è senz’altro la decisione presa dalla Corte Suprema indiana di prolungare di tre mesi, per motivi di salute, la permanenza in Italia di Massimiliano La Torre, colpito da ischemia a fine agosto e operato per una malformazione cardiaca a Milano il 5 gennaio 2014. Un ammorbidimento della linea dura finora tenuta dall’India che potrebbe andare nella direzione del rimpatrio dell’altro fuciliere sotto processo, Salvatore Girone.

Giacomo Pratali

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