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La Corea del Nord e la corruzione: ecco l’ennesima ferita sanguinante per la middle-and low class coreana

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Un’altra “pedina” da eliminare, quella della corruzione che ultimamente sta dilagando in Corea del Nord. Dall’altra parte della scacchiera un avversario forte e temibile: Kim Jong-un. Una partita ancora aperta, ma che al momento vede in netto vantaggio il dittatore nordcoreano. Quest’ultimo ha, infatti, disposto che le autorità richiedano pagamenti di una certa somma utilizzando pretese diversificate ed in continuo aumento; a poco serve il rifiuto governativo dell’accumulazione di ricchezza personale di stampo anti-socialista. Decine di unità di polizia e personale dell’esercito sono tenuti a fermare le auto ed i camion che trasportano merci per domandare loro “i soldi per il pranzo”, costringendo gli sventurati a concedere circa 30-40 dollari ai gruppi militari. Questa pratica tanto scorretta quando improbabile in altri Paesi, si sta presto trasformando in consuetudine e si diffonde sempre più l’usanza, per gli autotrasportatori, di tenere preventivamente da parte una somma di denaro da donare alle unità di polizia.
Ma automobilisti e camionisti non sono gli unici a dover soccombere a queste nuove regole: pare che anche le classi più agiate, le cosiddette élites, non siano immuni al pagamento di tali tangenti. Ma se è vero che in questo ordine mentale creato da Kim Jong-un ogni classe è uguale alle altre, è pur vero che “l’ordine sociale” creato tra le varie stratificazioni sociali sembra non procedere nella stessa direzione. Le tangenti imposte all’upper class ricadono inevitabilmente sulla middle-and low class, a riprova del detto infantile, ma quanto mai veritiero “ciò che è mio è mio, ciò che è tuo è mio”.
L’effetto che inevitabilmente viene a crearsi all’interno di questo contesto sociale è un sentimento pubblico che si sta portando ai minimi livelli, in una proporzione diretta con l’intensificazione del livello di tirannia prodotta da Kim Jong-un. Capita, a volte, che i gruppi militari vengano accusati di corruzione, ma non esiste, di fatto, un reale interesse nel punire i colpevoli e quindi accade sempre che le stesse accuse cadano poi nel dimenticatoio.
Persino la polizia pare sia costretta al pagamento di tangenti pari a 70 dollari ed ogni squadra militare abbia ordinato ai propri sottoposti di riscuotere l’importo richiesto in segno di lealtà al regime. Condizione, questa, che fa vivere l’intero sistema sociale in un clima di totale soggezione ed ansia legata al timore di non essere all’altezza delle aspettative della guida suprema della Repubblica coreana.
“Se non si può utilizzare la legge per estorcere denaro, allora non si ha ciò che serve per portare a termine il proprio lavoro” è, di fatto, una frase più volte pronunciata dai gruppi militari di rango elevato nei confronti dei propri sottoposti. Applicando questa “nuova norma”, le squadre militari si stanno diffondendo a macchia d’olio per tutta Pyongyang, attraverso un sistema che potremmo tranquillamente definire una rapina legittimata. La vendita di merci contrarie alla politica socialista vede come unico mezzo di espansione la corruzione delle autorità coreane ed il conseguente dilagarsi di un sistema di corruzione che non trova ancora fine.
La situazione nordcoreana non ha quindi condotto solo ad un malcontento interno generale, bensì ha ottenuto come risposta una serie di sanzioni internazionali, le quali non permettono da tempo ormai alla Corea del Nord di guadagnare valuta estera, producendo così una serie di ripercussioni interne ed esterne che non accennano ad arrestarsi.

Mattis dials up U.S. pressure on China over North Korea, South China Sea

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The United States is encouraged by China’s efforts to restrain North Korea but will not accept Beijing’s militarization of islands in the South China Sea, U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis said Saturday. The comments by Mattis, during the annual Shangri-La Dialogue, show how U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration is looking to balance working with China to restrain North Korea’s advancing missile and nuclear programs while dealing with Beijing’s activities in the South China Sea. Trump has courted support from Chinese President Xi Jinping to restrain North Korea, raising concern among Asian allies that Washington might allow China a freer rein elsewhere in the region

North Korea says missile ready for mass-production, U.S. questions progress

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North Korea said on Monday it had successfully tested an intermediate-range ballistic missile which met all technical requirements and could now be mass-produced, indicating advances in its ambitions to be able to hit the United States. The North fired the missile into waters off its east coast on Sunday, its second missile test in a week, which South Korea said dashed the hopes of the South’s new liberal government under President Moon Jae-in for peace between the neighbors. North Korean leader Kim Jong Un supervised the test of the Pukguksong-2, which confirmed reliable late-stage guidance of the warhead and the functioning of a solid-fuel engine, the KCNA state news agency said.

N. Korea: Missile ready for mass production

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North Korea said on Monday it had successfully tested an intermediate-range ballistic missile which met all technical requirements and could now be mass-produced, indicating advances in its ambitions to be able to hit the United States. North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency said leader Kim Jong Un supervised the test which also verified the functioning of the solid-fuel engine for the Pukguksong-2 missile and ordered it for deployment in field action. North Korea has defied all calls to rein in its nuclear and missile programs, even from China, its lone major ally, saying the weapons are needed for legitimate self-defense. The North last conducted a ballistic missile test a week ago.

North Korea missile detected by THAAD, program progressing faster than expected: South

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North Korea’s missile program is progressing faster than expected, South Korea’s defense minister said on Tuesday, after the UN Security Council demanded the North halt all nuclear and ballistic missile tests and condemned Sunday’s test-launch. Han Min-koo told South Korea’s parliament the test-launch had been detected by the controversial U.S. THAAD anti-missile system, whose deployment in the South has infuriated China. The reclusive North, which has defied all calls to rein in its weapons programs, even from its lone major ally, China, said the missile test was a legitimate defense against U.S. hostility.

North Korea fires missile days after Moon pledges dialogue

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North Korea fired a ballistic missile on Sunday in defiance of calls to rein in its weapons program, days after a new leader in its old rival South Korea came to power pledging to engage it in dialogue. The missile flew 700 kilometers and reached an altitude of more than 2,000 kilometers, according to officials in South Korea and Japan, further and higher than an intermediate-range missile North Korea successfully tested in February from the same region of Kusong, northwest of Pyongyang. North Korea is widely believed to be developing an intercontinental missile tipped with a nuclear weapon that is capable of reaching the United States.

US ready for secondary sanctions, more punishments against North Korea.

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The US Secretary of State said Wednesday that the country is ready to increase pressure on North Korea through additional penalties, secondary sanctions and a tighter implementation of UN resolutions. The US is ready to ramp up pressure against North Korea through additional penalties, secondary sanctions and a tighter implementation of UN resolutions, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said Wednesday, adding “a lot of work” is left to maximize its strategy.  “So it’s a pressure campaign that has a knob on it. I’d say we’re at about dial setting five or six right now, with a strong call of countries all over the world to fully implement the UN Security Council resolutions regarding sanctions, because no one has ever fully implemented those”, Tillerson said at a meeting with State Department employees.

North Korea says US bomber flights push peninsula to brink of nuclear war.

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North Korea accused the United States on Tuesday of pushing the Korean peninsula to the brink of nuclear war after a pair of strategic U.S. bombers flew training drills with the South Korean and Japanese air forces in another show of strength. The two supersonic B-1B Lancer bombers were deployed amid rising tensions over North Korea’s pursuit of its nuclear and missile programmes in defiance of U.N. sanctions and pressure from the United States. The flight of the two bombers on Monday came as U.S. President Donald Trump said he would be “honoured” to meet North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in the right circumstances, and as his CIA director landed in South Korea for talks.

South Korea says U.S. reaffirms it will pay THAAD costs; Trump calls Asia allies.

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South Korea said the United States had reaffirmed it would shoulder the cost of deploying the THAAD anti-missile system, days after President Donald Trump said Seoul should pay for the $1-billion battery designed to defend against North Korea. In a telephone call on Sunday, Trump’s national security adviser, H.R. McMaster, reassured his South Korean counterpart, Kim Kwan-jin, that the U.S. alliance with South Korea was its top priority in the Asia-Pacific region, the South’s presidential office said. The conversation followed another North Korean missile test-launch on Saturday which Washington and Seoul said was unsuccessful, but which drew widespread international condemnation.

China welcomes U.S. saying it is open to talks on North Korea.

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China on Thursday welcomed an apparently softer tone by the United States on the North Korean nuclear and missile crisis but stressed its opposition to a U.S. missile defence system being deployed in South Korea. Separately, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe called on North Korea and other countries on Thursday to avoid behaviour or rhetoric that could increase tensions around Pyongyang’s nuclear programme. Speaking at a news conference in Moscow after talks, the two leaders said they had agreed to cooperate closely to try to help defuse tensions around North Korea.

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