GEOPOLITICA DEL MONDO MODERNO

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corruption

La Corea del Nord e la corruzione: ecco l’ennesima ferita sanguinante per la middle-and low class coreana

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Un’altra “pedina” da eliminare, quella della corruzione che ultimamente sta dilagando in Corea del Nord. Dall’altra parte della scacchiera un avversario forte e temibile: Kim Jong-un. Una partita ancora aperta, ma che al momento vede in netto vantaggio il dittatore nordcoreano. Quest’ultimo ha, infatti, disposto che le autorità richiedano pagamenti di una certa somma utilizzando pretese diversificate ed in continuo aumento; a poco serve il rifiuto governativo dell’accumulazione di ricchezza personale di stampo anti-socialista. Decine di unità di polizia e personale dell’esercito sono tenuti a fermare le auto ed i camion che trasportano merci per domandare loro “i soldi per il pranzo”, costringendo gli sventurati a concedere circa 30-40 dollari ai gruppi militari. Questa pratica tanto scorretta quando improbabile in altri Paesi, si sta presto trasformando in consuetudine e si diffonde sempre più l’usanza, per gli autotrasportatori, di tenere preventivamente da parte una somma di denaro da donare alle unità di polizia.
Ma automobilisti e camionisti non sono gli unici a dover soccombere a queste nuove regole: pare che anche le classi più agiate, le cosiddette élites, non siano immuni al pagamento di tali tangenti. Ma se è vero che in questo ordine mentale creato da Kim Jong-un ogni classe è uguale alle altre, è pur vero che “l’ordine sociale” creato tra le varie stratificazioni sociali sembra non procedere nella stessa direzione. Le tangenti imposte all’upper class ricadono inevitabilmente sulla middle-and low class, a riprova del detto infantile, ma quanto mai veritiero “ciò che è mio è mio, ciò che è tuo è mio”.
L’effetto che inevitabilmente viene a crearsi all’interno di questo contesto sociale è un sentimento pubblico che si sta portando ai minimi livelli, in una proporzione diretta con l’intensificazione del livello di tirannia prodotta da Kim Jong-un. Capita, a volte, che i gruppi militari vengano accusati di corruzione, ma non esiste, di fatto, un reale interesse nel punire i colpevoli e quindi accade sempre che le stesse accuse cadano poi nel dimenticatoio.
Persino la polizia pare sia costretta al pagamento di tangenti pari a 70 dollari ed ogni squadra militare abbia ordinato ai propri sottoposti di riscuotere l’importo richiesto in segno di lealtà al regime. Condizione, questa, che fa vivere l’intero sistema sociale in un clima di totale soggezione ed ansia legata al timore di non essere all’altezza delle aspettative della guida suprema della Repubblica coreana.
“Se non si può utilizzare la legge per estorcere denaro, allora non si ha ciò che serve per portare a termine il proprio lavoro” è, di fatto, una frase più volte pronunciata dai gruppi militari di rango elevato nei confronti dei propri sottoposti. Applicando questa “nuova norma”, le squadre militari si stanno diffondendo a macchia d’olio per tutta Pyongyang, attraverso un sistema che potremmo tranquillamente definire una rapina legittimata. La vendita di merci contrarie alla politica socialista vede come unico mezzo di espansione la corruzione delle autorità coreane ed il conseguente dilagarsi di un sistema di corruzione che non trova ancora fine.
La situazione nordcoreana non ha quindi condotto solo ad un malcontento interno generale, bensì ha ottenuto come risposta una serie di sanzioni internazionali, le quali non permettono da tempo ormai alla Corea del Nord di guadagnare valuta estera, producendo così una serie di ripercussioni interne ed esterne che non accennano ad arrestarsi.

Five ministers in Iraqi Kurdistan named in anti-corruption committee list

BreakingNews @en di

Sirwan Zahawi, the head of the anti-corruption committee told NRT tv that the committee continues its investigation to carry out reform to fight corruption. “Four to five members, three of whom are in this cabinet, have been selected. They may not be corruptors but their names have been chosen. Accusation is not a crime. You will be called to defend yourself” Zahawi noted. Kurdistan considered as the most corrupted part of Iraq. According to Kurdish lawmakers billions of dollars are missing from Iraqi Kurdistan’s oil revenues.

China’s fight against corruption passes through media control

Asia @en di

In China corruption is a widespread problem, despite the draconian penalties that affect the officials recognized guilty of illegal conduct. To limit its spread, the government, at the impulse of President Xi Jinping, is set to launch a new round of anti-corruption program initiated three years ago, intensifying efforts with respect to 2015. In fact, the Central Commission for Disciplinary Inspection (CCDI) plans to conduct over 100 inspections by the end of the year.

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The anti-corruption campaign announced by Xi Jinping was widely publicized on the national media. On 19th February, the Chinese leader has spread its message through the country’s three major news agencies: Xinhua, People’s Daily and CCTV. Simultaneously, Xi wanted to launch a warning to the world of information, stating that the national media must demonstrate absolute dedication and loyalty to the party and thus, indirectly, to the premier itself. The answer was not long in coming, in the sign of a willing submission. The home page of the three agencies were quickly colonized by a profusion of praise and support claims in favor of the party and its leadership, in view of the campaign launch.

According to analysts, Xi Jinping’s initiative does not aim simply to tighten anti-corruption controls, but responds to a total change of political agenda towards the media. The President wants to operate a crackdown on China’s information world, to better control the news dissemination. Wang Qishan, a member of the Politburo Standing Committee and head of the Central Commission for Disciplinary Inspection, contributed to corroborate this hypothesis. During the campaign presentation conference, Wang announced that the Ministry of Propaganda and the State Administration for printing, publishing, radio, film and television (which applies censorship directives) will be put under depth scrutiny. A further warning, not too veiled.

The anti-corruption operation, however, will cover all of the state structure focal points and will affect, according to the announcements, 36 different public bodies spread across all areas of expertise. From justice to agriculture, from the religious affairs to tourism, no one can be considered safe from the upcoming government inspectors investigations. Four provincial governments also will be sieved.

Many of the Commission’s targets are related to the management and implementation of industrial policies. The party wants to contribute thereby to the achievement of economic goals set for 2016, at national level, reducing the levels of over-production and encouraging the merger of major state industries. These changes, given its scale, could generate discontent and opposition within the concerned state agencies. And then, the role of the media in this story is clarified. Tighter control on information would ensure a favorable narrative of events and, therefore, a broader base of support for the transformation in agenda.

 

Luca Marchesini

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Romania: citizens against Government

EUROPA/Europe/Politics/Report @en di

Corruption is the plague and there is not much time left for citizens to allow it anymore. Romania’s president nominated former EU Commissioner Dacian Ciolos as the nation’s new prime minister Tuesday, after protests over a nightclub fire that killed at least 48 people brought down the government.

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“Victor Ponta is giving up his mandate. Someone needs to assume responsibility for what has happened. This a serious matter and we promise a quick resolution of the situation,” party head Liviu Dragnea told journalists in parliament, Reuters reported. “You probably noticed thousands of people last evening and what they demanded,” he added.

President Klaus Iohannis said Romania needs “a clean person, a person not involved in scandals, a person of integrity.”

Protests broke out late on Nov. 3 in the Romanian capital of Bucharest, and demonstrators demanded Cabinet resignations over allegations of corrupt permitting that led to a nightclub fire and 32 deaths, Reuters reported.
The demonstrators specifically demanded the resignation of Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta, Deputy Prime Minister Gabriel Oprea and the mayor of the district where the nightclub is located.

Stratfor sources indicate that as many as 20,000 people gathered in Bucharest, and youth and student organizations called for more participants on social media. Similar demonstrations have broken out simultaneously in Brasov and Ploiesti. The government passed legislation on Nov. 3 that would grant the power to emergency authorities to immediately close venues that do not have permits or defy safety regulations. The three nightclub owners have declined to comment.

On Wednesday evening, thousands massed in Bucharest’s University Square and in at least three other cities, calling for early elections and better governance.

Donors queued at blood centres and volunteers took food and drinks to Bucharest hospitals for medical staff and victims’ families.

The protesters also criticized the powerful Romanian Orthodox Church, accusing it of failing to address an outpouring of national grief.
“We want hospitals, not cathedrals!” they chanted.

The ensuing political fallout has alread, claimed Ponta who is awaiting trial on charges of corruption made in June.
District mayor Cristian Popescu Piedone said he would build a monument outside Colectiv. He said that “as far as the local authority was concerned, the club had all the necessary paperwork”.

On the other hand, romanian citizens claim that bribes were paid to mantain the clubs open, while not even a fire estinguisher was found in the inside. That is clearly the point.

 

Sabiena Stefanaj

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Sabiena Stefanaj
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