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Libya: agreement in the balance

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Tobruk rejects the Council of Presidency, but does not formally vote on the proposal on 9 October. International Community is waiting for Tripoli response. National unity government hangs in the balance. However, Leon mandate at maturity and Daesh radicalization require a quickly change.

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UN envoy Bernardino Leon buoyancy at the end of favorable negotiations on October 9, in which it was drawn up draft agreement and national unity government designations, contradicts Tobruk Parliament rejection on October 19 of Presidential Council submitted by the United Nations.

Then, not a formal vote against the deal. However, the 153 deputies of the Assembly have sent a powerful message to the United Nations and Tripoli. A discontent consisted of seventy representatives, who are ready, as reported by Libyan Herald, to distance themselves from the Tobruk position.

Now, there is waiting for Tripoli response, even if the premises on October 19, when draft was turned down by GNC head Nuri Abu Sahimin, who has disapproved “formal invitation to New York in the presence of Tobruk Foreign Minister, supported by an illegal parliament since resolved by the Constitutional Court, a Libyan delegate to the UN removed by Congress and Egypt and Emirates Foreign ministers “.

However, Tobruk Parliament’s mandate has just officially expired Monday, October 19 (though it has since been extended). Just as Leon, to whom will succeed the German Martin Kobler and close to the failure of his mission in Libya. And EU military, economical and social plan in support of the national unity government, announced by High Representative Federica Mogherini last October 20, seems unrealistic if Tobruk and Tripoli will not say yes to the United Nations draft.

In addition to the joint statement of several countries in recent days, the reactions of the last hours minimize what happened in Tobruk: “It did not approve nor reject. It was only decided not to submit the proposal to the vote of the Chamber of Representatives “, Italian Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni said. While Leon reiterated that “the process goes on. There is no chance for small groups or personalities to hijack this process. The political solution is the only real alternative,” Leon restated.

Next hours are crucial. The several institutional deadlines but, above all, Daesh radicalization in a strategic city as Benghazi demands an urgent political unique solution.

Giacomo Pratali

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Libya: yes to national unity government

Bernardino Leon has announced Libya national unity government. The agreement, reached in the late evening of Thursday 8 October in Morocco, has been signed by all factions, including Tripoli, which has approved draft endorsed by other parties last September. The UN envoy has also named Prime Minister Fayez Serray, former member of Tripoli parliament.

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“More work remains. Negotiators who attended the peace talks representing the rival governments approved the names of candidates, but the parliaments for both sides must approve them, too. The U.N. says an estimated 2.44 million people in Libya are in need of protection and some form of humanitarian aid, “ Leon said.

After about a year of difficult talks, Leon, at the end of his assignment in Libya, has also aexplained that Tobruk and Tripoli will have to choose the future Cabinet. While the United Nations has already named three vice presidents who will compose, together with Prime Minister, the presidential council.

Moussa Kony, independent and coming from Fezzan. Maemq Ahmed, a member of the General National Congress of Tripoli. Fatj Majbari, coming from Cyrenaica but not belonging to General Haftar army.

The international community has welcomed this deal. Now, after new government composition, a military intervention, under the aegis of the United Nations and maybe led by Italy, could be begin against Daesh: We now expect the Libyan parties to endorse this deal which meets the aspirations of the Libyan people, to take the path of peace and prLiosperity. The European Union stands ready to offer immediate substantial political and financial support – worth 100million euros – to the new government, “ the EU High Representative Federica Mogherini remarked.

While Secretary General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon has pushed Tobruk and Tripoli “not to squander this opportunity to put the country back on the path to building a state that reflects the spirit and ambitions of the 2011 revolution”.

As Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Paolo Gentiloni, who expressed “satisfaction with the results achieved over night by the Libyan delegations. This is an important step toward the much hoped for establishment of a national unity government. It is now essential that all the parties concerned approve the agreement and proceed to signing it”, the minister said. “In acknowledgement of the unceasing efforts of UN envoy Bernardino Leon – the minister concluded – Italy will continue to lend its support to the next stages in attaining peace and stability in Libya”.

Giacomo Pratali

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Giacomo Pratali
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